Maintenance Therapy With Toceranib Following Doxorubicin Based Chemotherapy For Canine Splenic Hemangiosarcoma

By : Heather L. Gardner, Cheryl A. London, Roberta A. Portela, Sandra Nguyen, Mona P. Rosenberg, Mary K. Klein, Craig Clifford, Douglas H. Thamm, David M. Vail, Phil Bergman, Martin Crawford-Jakubiak, Carolyn Henry, Jennifer Locke and Laura D. Garrett


Spenic hemangiosarcoma (HSA) in dogs treated with surgery alone is associated with shortsurvival times, and the addition of doxorubicin (DOX) chemotherapy only modestly improves outcome. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of toceranib administration on progression free survival in dogs with stage I or II HSA following splenectomy and single agent DOX chemotherapy. We hypothesized that dogs with splenic HSA treated with adjuvant DOX followed by toceranib would have prolonged disease-free interval (DFI) and overall survival time (OS) when compared to historical dogs treated with DOX-based chemotherapy alone.


Dogs with stage I or II splenic HSA were administered 5 cycles of single-agent DOX every 2 weeks beginning within 14 days of splenectomy. Dogs were restaged 2 weeks after completing DOX, and those without evidence of metastatic disease began toceranib therapy at 3.25 mg/kg every other day. Forty-threedogs were enrolled in this clinical trial. Seven dogs had evidence of metastatic disease either before or at re-staging, and an additional 3 dogs were found to have metastatic disease within 1 week of toceranib administration. Therefore 31 dogs went on to receive toceranib following completion of doxorubicin treatment. Twenty-five dogs that received toceranib developed metastatic disease. The median disease free interval for all dogs enrolled in this study (n = 43) was 138 days, and the median disease free interval for those dogs that went on to receive toceranib (n = 31) was 161 days. The median survival time for all dogs enrolled in this study was 169 days, and the median survival time for those dogs that went on to receive toceranib was 172 days.


The use of toceranib following DOX chemotherapy does not improve either disease free interval or overall survival in dogs with stage I or II HSA.

Recent Articles


IMHA Dr Sophia Tzannes What is IMHA? IMHA stands for immune mediated haemolytic anaemia. So this is one of the most common immune mediated

Read More »


Leptospirosis Dr Stephanie Leeder What is leptospirosis? Leptospirosis is a zoonotic bacterial disease caused by the motile spirochetes of the leptospira species How does infection

Read More »