Macadamia nuts are enjoyable all year round but they tend to be more common during this time of year. Macadamia nuts are toxic to dogs and cause hind limb lameness, pain and weakness. Even before they’re out of the shell they can pose a threat to your dog. Every year we see serious bowel blockages in dogs that have swallowed whole macadamia nuts in their shell.
Despite the characteristic image of a dog playing fetch with a stick, our Emergency team see terrible injuries to the back of dogs’ throats when dogs accidentally runs onto the stick as it lands on the ground. A stick can tear into the back of the throat and cause a horrible injury that is painful and difficult to explore and fix. In these circumstances dogs often need a CT scan to identify the extent of the wound and whether splinters are present. Stick to balls and Frisbees, they’re much safer!
Yum! Who can resist chocolate? Most dogs can’t! Cats aren’t usually as curious about chocolate as dogs but it’s really important to keep chocolate away from both. Dogs and cats are VERY sensitive to the chemicals in chocolate. It can make them agitated and jittery, their hearts race dangerously fast, and can even cause seizures. Different types of chocolate present different dangers so please make sure only the humans enjoy it. In particular make sure children are aware as they may think they’re giving their pet a Christmas treat by offering them chocolate.
Onions and Garlic
Although we all love the flavour provided by these tasty veggies, they are dangerous for pets causing damage to red bloods cells in dogs and cats causing severe anaemia. This means they don’t have enough red blood cells to provide oxygen to their vital organs. They may be lethargic, have pale or even yellow gums and have rapid or difficulty breathing.
While people sweat when they get hot, dogs can’t. Instead, dogs pant to regulate their temperature. Dog breeds with a short nose and noisy breathing such as Bulldogs, Pugs and French Bulldogs have more trouble panting effectively in hot or humid weather and can be at risk of heat stroke on hot days. Exercise during hot or humid weather during the summer months can put dogs at risk of overheating. It is important to avoid excessive exercise in the hottest part of the day. Signs of heat stroke include agitation, excessive and continuous panting, vomiting, diarrhoea and collapse. Despite their desert origins, cats also suffer from heat. Cats can sweat through the pads on their feet but that’s not much so panting. Excessive grooming or restlessness can be signs they are too hot.
Paralysis ticks are found on the eastern seaboard of Australia and are most common from spring to autumn. They can attach to dogs and cats and cause paralysis which can be life threatening. Signs include high-pitched bark in dogs, weakness or wobbly hind legs, retching and regurgitation and eventually complete collapse. Even if ticks do not tend to occur around where you live, it is important to be aware of these horrible parasites especially if you are in bushy coastal areas. It is really important to see your veterinarian to get good preventative products. However, no product is 100% effective and there is no substitute for regular manual searches to detect and remove paralysis ticks. See our detailed article on Tick Paralysis here
During the festive season there is plenty of alcohol around and while humans should drink responsibly, dogs and cats cannot be given alcohol. Dogs and cats are very sensitive to alcohol toxicity and even seemingly small amounts can cause death. Pets can also develop alcohol toxicity from eating uncooked rising bread dough, which can contain alcohol from the fermenting yeast.
Grapes and Sultanas
Grapes, raisins and sultanas are only toxic to some dogs, but there is no way of knowing which ones! Unfortunately, once they have eaten them we have to assume they are going to be toxic, as there is no way of knowing until it is too late. Grapes cause the kidneys to stop working which can be life threatening. Christmas pudding is a rich source of raisins and sultanas so you should keep your dogs away from this.
At this time of year people and pets are more active and so are snakes. It is very important to be aware of snakes in your area and try to keep dogs and cats away from them. Signs of snakebites can develop hours after the initial bite so always seek immediate veterinary advice if you suspect your pet has been bitten.
Brunfelsia and Lilies
Although a very pretty plant in the garden, the ‘Yesterday Today Tomorrow’ plant is severely toxic to dogs. Dogs seem to love the flavour, especially the seed pods, but it causes severe tremors and seizures. Often, affected dogs will pass the toxic seeds in their stool. Indoor flowers are popular decorations at this time of year but if you have cats then avoid Lilies. The orange-brown pollen in the flowers is highly toxic and can be fatal to cats. They don’t even need to eat it. Even if they walk under them and some pollen drops onto their coat they’ll consume it when they groom themselves.
Some dogs and a lot of cats love playing with Christmas decorations and this can lead to serious problems. Some decorations can be swallowed and lead to serious intestinal obstructions, which may require surgery. Some ingested Christmas foreign bodies that we have seen causing major problems include tinsel which causes the intestines to bunch dangerously, string bags full of chocolates and even baubles! Christmas lights can also be a hazard because your pets can chew them, which can lead to electrocution.
At this time of year there are numerous delicious, treats around. Unfortunately any rapid changes to your pet’s diet such as scavenging for scraps, means there is the potential for gastrointestinal upsets such as vomiting and diarrhoea. Fatty foods like barbeque scraps, turkey skin or pork crackling can lead to more serious pancreatitis. Major signs of pancreatitis are lethargy, poor appetite, abdominal pain, vomiting and fever. Despite the temptation to share these tasty treats with your pet, it’s important to avoid that and stick to their normal diet.